Due to the relatively small sample size of this project (N = 40), statistical significance testing lacks power (Cohen, 1992). While significant results indicate strong effects in cases where there is reduced power, statistical significance testing may fail to detect meaningful effects. (It is important to distinguish here between statistical significance and meaningfulness in a broader sense.) Accordingly, measures of effect size will be reported for all results, along with traditional measures of statistical significance. Table 1 represents interpretations of effect sizes, consistent with Cohen (1992), for each statistical procedure employed in the following analysis.
|Statistical Procedure||Effect Size Measure||Effect Size|
|Independent Samples t-test||Cohen's d||.2||.5||.8|
|ANOVA||Partial Eta Squared, â•¬Ã€2||.1||.25||.4|